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一名基层技术人员领略全国检察机关科技装备展的“大神器”

日期: 2018-07-23 来源: 株洲市人民检察院    作者: 陈炜
<div class=TRS_Editor><div><span><span><span><span>  我作为一名基层检察技术人员,有幸参加了</span>7月4日至5日在北京展览馆召开的“2018全国检察机关科技装备展”展会,感到很荣幸,也因为我们检察机关能有如此强大的科技硬实力心潮澎湃。现就我参展所见所闻,结合我对部分产品的认知,提出以下见解,此文仅个人看法,如有偏僻,敬请谅解:</span></span></span><p>                              <span><span><span>VR</span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可分为模拟现场、沙盘游戏心理测试、实景还原</span>VR</span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>出庭可视化系统</span></span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>北京市人民检察院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可以直接在第三人称直接观察到案发经过,也可以在嫌疑人角度自主移动现场物件</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>即时代入全面模拟犯罪现场</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>VR沙盘游戏心理疗法软件</span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>天津市东丽区检察院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>软件</span></span></span><span><span><span>由</span></span></span><span><span><span>该院自主研发,可以分析体验者身体活动过程。根据数据反馈操作者内心世界,针对性的解决心理困惑,有效的帮助心理咨询跟心理辅导。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>VR虚拟实景</span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>张家港市院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>还原张家港检察院原貌</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>实际跟</span>VR电影</span></span><span><span><span>效果类似,</span></span></span><span><span><span>可以</span>360角度看出</span></span><span><span><span>拉高拉远、旋转观察张家港市</span></span></span><span><span><span>原貌</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span>VR技术现在比较热门</span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>但是投入太大</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>不过</span></span></span><span><span><span>优势也有。</span></span></span><span><span><span>出庭可视化系统可以三维立体的展现出犯罪现场</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>辅助办案人员调查取证。</span></span></span><span><span><span>心理测试</span></span></span><span><span><span>软件</span></span></span><span><span><span>如能运用到犯罪嫌疑人身上,可以根据犯罪</span></span></span><span><span><span>嫌疑</span></span></span><span><span><span>人</span></span></span><span><span><span>的微表情、</span></span></span><span><span><span>微动作等</span></span></span><span><span><span>身体</span></span></span><span><span><span>活动</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>检测出他</span></span></span><span><span><span>语言</span></span></span><span><span><span>的可靠性</span></span></span><span><span><span>程度</span></span></span><span><span><span>。实景还原就是一种</span>360</span></span><span><span><span>度</span></span></span><span><span><span>角度的摄像头拍摄画面</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>戴上眼镜就能够看到</span></span></span><span><span><span>即视的</span></span></span><span><span><span>画面</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>这个技术</span></span></span><span><span><span>目前同类产品</span></span></span><span><span><span>已经很成熟了。</span></span></span></span></p><p>                             <span><span><span><span>机器人</span></span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可</span></span></span><span><span><span>分为案管机器人、律师阅卷机器人</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>案管机器人</span></span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>江苏省院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>由江苏省院</span></span></span><span><span><span>研发的</span>“</span></span><span><span><span>安管机器人</span></span></span><span><span>”系统可实现案件办理过程自动筛选抓取疑点及关注问题、自动生成法律文书、实时发出期限预警、风险预警、差错提醒等一系列功能,辅助检察官办案,实现网上全程留痕。</span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>智能机器人</span></span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>广西南宁江南区</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>理论上能够识别衣服跟人脸</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>对见过的面孔能够记忆存储,能够对一些简单的问题进行回答。</span></span></span><span><span><span>亲测叫了个人换了一套衣服就不认识了</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span><span>安管机器人</span></span></span><span><span><span>可以节省大量案管时间</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>智能机器人</span></span></span><span><span><span>感觉用处不大</span></span></span><span><span><span>,依靠的是云数据记录信息跟人工智能回答问题,</span></span></span><span><span><span>以</span></span></span><span><span><span>现阶段不成熟</span></span></span><span><span><span>技术强行运用,效果略差。</span></span></span><span><span><span>就是固定回答一些问题有一定的学习功能,用于查询来说有可行性,但是价格检察系统的</span></span></span><span><span><span>较贵</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>但是放在大厅做引导及提升检察院形象还是有一定作用的</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>                            &nbsp;<span><span><span><span>大数据辅助办案系统</span></span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>划分的话可以分为案管辅助、侦监辅助、公诉辅助、民行辅助、执检辅助等。</span></span></span><span><span><span>效果是可以极大的减少办案容错率跟节约时间。扫描卷宗几分钟可以转化成</span>WORD,配合语音系统,可以让一线办案干警头疼的案卷证据</span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>手工摘抄录入</span></span></span><span><span><span>的业务量</span></span></span><span><span><span>轻松很多。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>大数据良性辅助系统、法律文书只能纠错系统、智慧出庭解决平台</span></span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>广东南沙检察院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>大数据分析很强大,可以基于全国量刑案件对比做出最优的量刑建议,法律文书纠错可以</span></span></span><span><span><span>检查</span></span></span><span><span><span>法律文书的</span></span></span><span><span><span>错误</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>智慧出庭</span></span></span><span><span><span>就是个学习平台,能观摩他人出庭场景,老带新。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>智能文字识别系统</span></span></span><span><span>—</span></span><span><span><span>天津市院</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可以将纸质文书智能转换为电子卷宗,消除卷宗图表框、指印等标记,对错误的识别结果进行智能修正,编制证据卷卷目录</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span><span>大数据辅助办案系统有分开</span></span></span><span><span><span>、</span></span></span><span><span><span>合并</span></span></span><span><span><span>两种模式</span></span></span><span><span><span>,分开</span></span></span><span><span><span>模式</span></span></span><span><span><span>有专门的针对一个科室的辅助系统,合并</span></span></span><span><span><span>模式</span></span></span><span><span><span>有集合所有部门在一起的辅助办案系统,可以解放使用人的脑力</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>规范化办案更多的针对其他事务。有专门的法律法条查询跟对比</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>                              <span><span><span><span>三远一网</span></span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可分为</span></span></span><span><span><span>远程提审、远程庭审、远程送达和检察工作网</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>大大节约司法成本的</span>“三地”远程庭审。通过远程视频庭审系统,公诉人、法官、被告人分处检察院、法院、看守所三地,“足不出户”、“面对面”地参加庭审,远程音视频传输等技术,实现视频、示证、语音达到声话同步,毫无延迟的完美展使得整个庭审过程顺利完成。值得一提的就是语音识别系统(亲测识别率</span></span><span><span><span>能识别</span></span></span><span><span>90</span></span><span><span>%</span></span><span><span><span>以上</span></span></span><span><span><span>的</span></span></span><span><span><span>普通话,用本地话识别率很低,但是有学习功能可以学习语句)</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span><span>三远一网来说可以很大的节约时间跟成本</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>但是比较麻烦的就是要全市乃至全省通网,不过这是大的趋势</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>统一业务的供应商在展会上提出协同数据对接也就是公检法数据互通</span></span></span></span></p><p>                             <span><span><span><span>云桌面</span></span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>云桌面可以把数据空间、管理服务,提供桌面化的方式发布给操作者。</span></span></span><span><span><span>其优势有以下几点:</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>1.信息安全:</span></span><span><span><span>所有数据都在云平台,员工本地没有任何数据,无法拷贝、刻盘等。(无法刻盘也算劣势)</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>2.维护方便:</span></span><span><span><span>所有的应用程序和数据都在云平台,可以由维护人员统一安装、统一杀毒、统一升级、统一备份数据,</span></span></span><span><span><span>无需对电脑一台一台维护</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>3.节能:</span></span><span><span><span>员工本地用的云终端,功耗在</span>10瓦以下,而电脑一般都在200瓦左右,可以大幅节能,节省电费。</span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>4.快速部署:</span></span><span><span><span>新员工报道,领一台云终端,配上显示器、键盘、鼠标,插上网线就能办公,不用安装系统、安装程序、拷贝工作所需数据等。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>5.设备更换频率低:</span></span><span><span><span>普通电脑,一般</span>3~4年后就会因为性能不高需要淘汰更新</span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>增加新的服务器和磁阵扩容就可以,原来的设备还能利旧无需淘汰使用寿命可达</span>8~10年。</span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span><span>云桌面可以兼容检察内网涉密方面可以安装万里和分保,类似网吧无盘管理系统</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>优势</span></span></span><span><span><span>很大,</span></span></span><span><span><span>使用年限提升到了</span>10年</span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>不落伍性能,而且问了兼容分保涉密,但是不能刻录</span></span></span><span><span><span>这个问题目前没有有效解决,</span></span></span><span><span><span>快速部署也</span></span></span><span><span><span>是对单位统筹管理有</span></span></span><span><span><span>好处。</span></span></span></span></p><p>                              <span><span><span>12309平台</span></span><span><span><span>篇</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span>12309检察服务中心是全国检察机关统一对外的智能化检察为民综合服务网络平台</span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>可以自行定制服务,</span>12309网站、12309检察服务热线(电话)、12309移动客户端(手机APP)和12309微信公众号四种渠道举报投诉跟查询一系列功能,分为检务人员端跟面向社会端</span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>需要自行购买建立服务器。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span>看法:</span></span></span><span><span>12309平台来说扩展性很</span></span><span><span><span>大</span></span></span><span><span><span>实用性也很</span></span></span><span><span><span>好</span></span></span><span><span><span>,值得研究规划定制,便民也便于检察人员</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>照目前</span></span></span><span><span><span>趋势以后全国会普及。</span></span></span></span></p><p>  <span><span><span><span> 综上所述:</span></span></span><span><span><span>现阶段</span></span></span><span><span><span>本</span></span></span><span><span><span>市范围内</span></span></span><span><span><span>的科技信息化建设,较</span></span></span><span><span><span>外省院</span></span></span><span><span><span>有</span></span></span><span><span><span>很大</span></span></span><span><span><span>差距</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>外省大都以自主研发</span></span></span><span><span><span>的产品</span></span></span><span><span><span>跟各个科技供应商去洽谈</span></span></span><span><span><span>。</span></span></span><span><span><span>但</span></span></span><span><span><span>外省这些设备跟管理系统</span></span></span><span><span><span>不排除部分存在</span></span></span><span><span><span>盲目投入、盲目建设</span>,造成人力、物力和财力浪费的现象,在信息化建设中普遍存在。科技强检要从检察系统未来发展的角度出发,进行统一规划、统一技术标准、统一规范、统一应用软件、统一管理。对一项具体的科技项目,要有严格统一的实施标准和规范。</span></span><span><span><span>此</span></span></span><span><span><span>次科技展,以我个人看来就是个大杂烩</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>没有好坏之分</span></span></span><span><span><span>的</span></span></span><span><span><span>东西</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span><span>都确实好用都能用,</span></span></span><span><span><span>但实际契合度有待考究。</span></span></span></span></p></div></div>

责编: 江世炎     审核: 江世炎
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